Lehrveranstaltungen Wintersemester 2018/2019

Lehrveranstaltungen Winterersemester 2018/2019



Stand 27. August 2018

Einführung in die Astronomie
BP131c - BPPHY_131c - MALAPHY AM02.02

V Lutz Wisotzki Mittwoch, 10:15-11:45 UhrRaum 2.28.0.108
Ü Anika Beer/Lutz Wisotzki* Montag, 14:15-15:45UhrRaum 2.28.0.104

auch möglich für das Studium Plus


Inhalt:
Die Vorlesung gibt eine grundlegende Einführung in die Forschungsthemen der Astronomie, einschließlich der vielfältigen Verbindungen zu anderen Wissenschaftszweigen. Wir betrachten die verschiedenen Zustandsformen der Materie im Kosmos und ihre räumliche Anordnung, von unserem Sonnensystem über die Sterne unserer Milchstraße bis zu fernen Galaxien und der großräumiger Struktur des Universums. Wir werden kurze Einblicke in einige aktuelle Themen der astronomischen Forschung tätigen wie z.B. die Suche nach extrasolaren Planeten oder die Erforschung schwarzer Löcher. Auch die Frage, auf welchem Wege astronomische Erkenntnisse gewonnen werden, ist ein wichtiges Thema; dazu behandeln wir Methoden und das Instrumentarium astronomischer Beobachtungen. Schließlich werden wir uns auch mit der Bedeutung der Astronomie für das naturwissenschaftliche Weltbild beschäftigen; dies schließt einige wissenschaftshistorische Betrachtungen mit ein. Die Vorlesung wird durch wöchentliche Übungen begleitet.

Voraussetzung: keine
Zielgruppe:. Bachelor Physik im 1. Semester; für Chemie für Physiker und Informatiker; Studium Plus
Nachweis: Ausarbeitung von wöchentlich gestellten Übungsaufgaben, optional Hausarbeit


Grundkurs Astrophysik I
BP541b - BPPHY_541b, BALAPHY 585, BANF ICSPHY541b

V Philipp RichterDonnerstag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.0.102
Ü 1. Wo. Sietske Bourma/Philipp Richter*Donnerstag, 10.15-11.45 UhrRaum 2.08.2.011

erster von zwei Teilen des Modul 541b un d BPPHY_541b, auch möglich für Bachelor Lehramt mit Physik als erstem Fach (Modul 585)


Inhalt:
In dieser zweisemestrigen Lehrveranstaltung wird einen Abriss der modernen Astrophysik geben. Behandelt werden die Grundlagen der wichtigsten physikalischen Prozesse im Kosmos sowie Fragestelllungen und Methoden der aktuellen astronomischen Forschung. Im ersten Teil befassen wir uns mit folgenden Themen: Teleskope und astronomische Beobachtungstechniken, Aufbau und Dynamik des Sonnensystems, extrasolare Plane- tensysteme, Aussenschichten der Sonne und der Sterne, innerer Aufbau von Sternen; Sternaufbau, Sternentstehung und Sternentwicklung. Im zweiten Teil im Sommersemester folgen die Themenbereiche Milchstrasse, Galaxien und Kosmologie.

Voraussetzung: Grundkenntnisse der Physik
Zielgruppe: Bachelor Physik im 5. Semester, Bachelor Lehramt mit Physik als Erstfach
Nachweis: Müdliche Prüfung; Ausarbeitung von Übungsaufgaben als Voraussetzung zur Zulassung zur Modulprüfung.


Lab course Astrophysics - Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-751

P Veronika Schaffenroth u.a.Ort und Zeit nach Vereinbarung
S/1. Wo. Veronika Schaffenroth/Stephan Geier*Dienstag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011



Content:

The subject of this course is to perform and analyze astronomical observations. The observations will be carried out with the student's observatory, located on the roof of the Institute of Physics and Astronomy, and the "Einsteinturm", a solar observatory based on the Telegraph Hill close to the city center. Throughout this course, the students will e.g. derive the age of star clusters from CCD photometry, determine spectral types with the help of stellar spectroscopy, and estimate the rotational period of the Sun and the magnetic field strengths in sunspots by means of very high resolution spectroscopy. The associated seminar not only imparts the theoretical knowledge that is necessary to perform and quantitatively analyze the observations but also serves as a stage to present and discuss the obtained results.mi

Target group: Master Science Astrophysics certificate: Protokolls of observations


Astronomie im Praktikum - BAPHY532 und BANF 11010

P Veronika Schaffenroth u.a.Ort und Zeit nach Vereinbarung
V/Ü/2. Wo. Veronika Schaffenroth u.a.Dienstag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011

Für Bachelor Science of Physics Studierende (Modul 532) in Verbindung mit der Vorlesung ``Distance determinations Teil I oder II''


Inhalt:

Durchführung grundlegender astronomischer Beobachtungen mit den Übungsteleskopen des Instituts für Physik und Astronomie. Die Möglichkeiten umfassen u.a. Nachtbeobachtungen von Planeten, Nebeln, Sternhaufen und Galaxien. Zur Tagzeit kann die Sonne beobachtet werden. Für die Aufzeichnung von Beobachtungen stehen CCDKameras zur Verfügung. Das begleitende Seminar vermittelt einerseits die theoretischen Vorkenntnisse, die zur Durchführung astronomischer Beobachtungen benötigt werden, und dient andererseits der Vorstellung und qualitativen Diskussion von Beobachtungsergebnissen.

Voraussetzung: empfohlen: Einführung in die Astronomie
Zielgruppe: Studentinnen und Studenten im Bachelorstudiengang Physik (beliebige Fachspezialisierung)
Nachweis: Bachelor, Modul 531: Beobachtungsprotokolle als benotete Hausarbeit


Astrophysikalisches Praktikum - Master Physik Modul 741b, 731 und 732, BANF 11010

P Veronika Schaffenroth u.a.Ort und Zeit nach Vereinbarung
S/1. Wo. Veronika Schaffenroth/Stephan Geier*Dienstag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011

Anrechenbar im Rahmen folgender Module:
- Master Physik, Wahlpflichtmodul 731 "Prolierungsfelder"
- Master Physik, Wahlpflichtmodul 732 "Physikalische Fächer"
- Master Physik, Modul 741b "Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik"


Inhalt:

Durchführung und quantitative Auswertung astronomischer Beobachtungen. Für die Beobachtungen steht die Übungssternwarte auf dem Dach des Instituts für Physik und Astronomie zur Verfügung. Sonnenbeobachtungen werden auch am Einsteinturm durchgeführt. Die Praktikumsaufgaben umfassen u.a.: CCD-Photometrie von Sternhaufen zur Altersbestimmung; Sternspektroskopie; Sonnenspektroskopie. Das begleitende Seminar vermittelt einerseits die theoretischen Vorkenntnisse, die zur Durchführung und Auswertung der Beobachtungen benötigt werden, und dient andererseits der Vorstellung und Diskussion der Ergebnisse.

Voraussetzung: Grundkurs Astrophysik (Teil I absolviert, Teil II ggfs. parallel)
Zielgruppe: Studentinnen und Studenten im Masterstudiengang Physik (beliebiges Vertiefungsgebiet); Studentinnen und Studenten im Masterstudiengang Physik (Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik)
Nachweis: Masterstudiengang Physik, Modul 741b "Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik": Das Astrophysikalische Praktikum bildet zusammen mit den Masterkurs-Vorlesungen Astrophysik I und II das Modul 741b. Für das Gesamtmodul gibt es eine mündliche Modulprüfung. Die Praktikumsprotokolle sind Prüfungsvorleistung;
Masterstudiengang Physik, Modul 731, beliebiges Vertiefungsgebiet: Die Modalitäten der Leistungserfassung werden vom Modulverantwortlichen definiert.


Stars and stellar evolution (Masterkurs Astrophysik, Teil I)
Master Physik Modul 741b und 731 und 732 - Master Lehramt A841

V Stephan GeierMittwoch, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011
Ü /1. Wo. Stephan GeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011

Anrechenbar im Rahmen von:
- Master Physik, beliebiges Vertiefungsgebiet: Modul 731 Wahlpflichtmodul "Profilierungsfelder"
- Master Physik, beliebiges Vertiefungsgebiet: Modul 732 Wahlpflichtmodul "Physikalische Fächer"
- Master Physik, Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik: 741b Wahlpflichtmodul "Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik"
- Master Lehramt Physik: Modul A841


Inhalt:

Our knowledge of the physical conditions and processes in stars as well as their struc- ture and evolution is based on the study of electromagnetic radiation, which is emitted by these cosmic objects. The most important tool is the "spectral analysis". The outer layers of a star, from which the radiation escapes, is called "stellar atmosphere". To interpret the observations, we need a theoretical understanding of the physical proces- ses that are associated with the transmission of light. The second part of the lecture deals with the structure and evolution of stars. Topics are the properties of stellar matter (equation of state, opacity, ionization, and degenerate gas), energy transport mechanisms (convection, radiation transport, and heat conduction), and energy pro- duction by nuclear fusion. We obtain models of the stellar structure as solutions of the corresponding equations. Based on simulations we discuss stellar evolution of stars from birth to the end (supernova explosions, white dwarfs, and neutron stars). The origin of the chemical elements (nucleosynthesis) is also part of the lecture. Finally, the development of entire groups, clusters and populations of stars is considered.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Education
Nachweis: Masterstudiengang Physik, Modul 741b "Vertiefungsgebiet Astrophysik": Diese Masterkurs-Vorlesung bildet zusammen mit Teil II "Galaxien und Kosmologie" das Modul 741b. Für das Gesamtmodul gibt es eine m¨ndliche Modulprüfung. Die Übungsaufgaben sind Prüfungsvorleistung. Masterstudiengang Physik, Modul 731, beliebiges Vertiefungsgebiet: Die Modalitäten der Leistungserfassung werden vom Modulverantwortlichen definiert.


Stars and stellar evolution - Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-750

V Stephan GeierMittwoch, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
S /2. Wo. Stephan GeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
Ü 1. Wo. Stephan GeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011

Master of Science Astophysics - Modul PHY-750 (Astrophysics I): includes: lecture, exercice and seminar


Inhalt:

Our knowledge of the physical conditions and processes in stars as well as their struc- ture and evolution is based on the study of electromagnetic radiation, which is emitted by these cosmic objects. The most important tool is the "spectral analysis". The outer layers of a star, from which the radiation escapes, is called "stellar atmosphere". To interpret the observations, we need a theoretical understanding of the physical proces- ses that are associated with the transmission of light. The second part of the lecture deals with the structure and evolution of stars. Topics are the properties of stellar matter (equation of state, opacity, ionization, and degenerate gas), energy transport mechanisms (convection, radiation transport, and heat conduction), and energy pro- duction by nuclear fusion. We obtain models of the stellar structure as solutions of the corresponding equations. Based on simulations we discuss stellar evolution of stars from birth to the end (supernova explosions, white dwarfs, and neutron stars). The origin of the chemical elements (nucleosynthesis) is also part of the lecture. Finally, the development of entire groups, clusters and populations of stars is considered.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Astrophysics
Nachweis: written examination


Astrophysical Seminar/PhD seminar - Master Physik Modul 941 - Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-941

S Philipp Richter/Stephan GeierMontag, 16.15-17.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Seminar as part of the Introductory project (MAPHYS 941 and Master Astrophysics PHY-941)


Content:
Curent topics in astrophysical research; seminar on own research topics and recent literatur in astrophysics.

Precondition: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy
Target group: Masterstudents and PhD students
Certificate: talk and regular attendance


Astrophysical Seminar for Master of Science Astrophysics - Modul PHY-751

S Philipp Richter/Stephan GeierMontag, 16.15-17.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Seminar as part of "Lab course Astrophysics" (Modul 751)


Content:
Curent topics in astrophysical research; seminar on own research topics and recent literatur in astrophysics.

Precondition: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy
Target group: Masterstudents and PhD students
Certificate: talk and regular attendance


Einführungsprojekt Astrophysik - Master Physik Modul 941

P Philipp RichterOrt und Zeit nach Vereinbarung

Inhalt:
in Verbindung mit einem Seminarvortrag im Astrophysikalischen Oberseminar und Kolloquium/Doktorandenseminar mit anschliessender Diskussion

Nachweis: Seminarvortrag und Diskussion von aktuellen Forschungsthemen


Forschungspraktikum Astrophysik - Master Physik Modul 942

P Philipp RichterOrt und Zeit nach Vereinbarung

Inhalt:

In diesem Modul führt die Studentin/der Student eigenständig und unter individueller Betreuung eine kleine wissenschaftliche Untersuchung durch. Das Thema wird so gewählt, dass das Praktikum auf die anschliessende Masterarbeit vorbereitet.

Voraussetzung: empfohlene Voraussetzung Modul 741b
Zielgruppe: MP
Nachweis: mündlicher Bericht bzw. Vortrag


The interstellar and intergalactic medium
Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Philipp RichterFreitag, 12.15-13.00 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
S Philipp RichterFreitag, 13.00-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

Most of the baryonic matter in the Universe resides in the form of diffuse gas that is situated inside and outside of galaxies. This interstellar medium (ISM) and interga- lactic medium (IGM)plays a key role for the formation and evolution of galaxies and the formation of stars therein. This course covers the most important aspects of the ISM and IGM in the Universe: spatial distribution, characterization of ISM/IGM gas phases, physical conditions and baryon content, impact on galaxy evolution, ISM/IGM observations and simulations.

Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics, PhDs


Solar Physics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Carsten DenkerFreitag, 14.15-15.00 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
S Carsten DenkerFreitag, 15.00-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

This introductory lecture deals with topics of empirical and theoretical solar physics. The properties and the inner structure of the Sun are presented at the beginning, before we deal with the physics of the solar atmosphere. Observations, methods, and instruments are directly linked to new discoveries and insights, which can be seen for example in the field of helioseismology. Other topics of the lecture include convection and differential rotation, the solar magnetic field and solar activity, as well as the chromosphere, the corona, and the solar wind. All topics are discussed in the context of current research results, in particular with the inclusion of space missions (Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE), Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) and Hinode).

Voraussetzung: recommended: Basic course Astrophysics
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physik, Master of Science Astrophysics, PhD students
Nachweis: 30 min presentation in the seminar and 4-page essay on solar physics related topic


Laborübung "arXiv, LaTeX und Konsorten" Bachelor Physik Modul PHY102

BP1 Martin WendtMontag, 12.15-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.0.087
BP2 Helge TodtDonnerstag, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.0.087

Gruppe BP1 Anfänger
Gruppe BP2 Fortgeschrittene
1. SWS ist Plicht, die zweite Übungsstunde ist zusätzliche Übungszeit.


Inhalt:
Es erfolgt eine Einführung in die Unix-Welt und in die Handhabung des für Physiker nützlichen Handwerkzeugs, wie z.B. Grundlagen der C++-Programmierung, um damit physikalische Probleme zu bearbeiten. Die grasche Darstellung von Daten mittels "gnuplot" wird vermittelt, ebenso die Erstellung wissenschaftlicher Dokumente mithilfe des Textsatzsystems LaTeX.

Voraussetzung: Gruppe BP1: keine Voraussetzung Gruppe BP2: für Studenten mit Grundkenntnissen in einer beliebigen Programmiersprache
Zielgruppe: Bachelor Science Physics
Nachweis: aktive Teilnahme / Präsenzübung


Distance determinations I
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-755 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732 - Bachelor Science Physics 531

V Cora Schütte/Philipp Richter*Dienstag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.27.0.29


Inhalt:

Determining distances of astronomical objects is a fundamental challenge in astrophy- sics. In part I of this two-semester course the methods to determine distances primarily in the Milky Way are presented. They are the base of the so-called (extra-galactic) distance ladder. Starting with the astronomical unit, trigonometric and dynamic par- allaxes, we will discuss different types of variable stars as distance indicators as well as statistical methods. Explicitly extragalactic methods will be presented in part II of this course. Each method will be applied practically by the students themselves.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Bachelor Science Physics, Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics
Nachweis:


The First Stars, Galaxies and Black Holes
Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Gabor Worseck/Philipp Richter*Donnerstag, 10.15-11.00 UhrRaum 2.XXX
S Gabor Worseck/Philipp Richter*Donnerstag, 11.00-11.45 UhrRaum 2.XXX


Inhalt:

This lecture will give an overview about the rst astrophysical sources that formed after the Big Bang and their effects on their environment. Addressed topics include (1) cosmological structure formation, (2) primordial star formation and feedback processes, (3) galaxies at cosmic dawn, (4) formation of the rst quasars, and (5) the epoch of reionization. In the seminar current topics in this active research eld will be discussed based on recently published scienti c articles.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction into Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics, PhDs
Nachweis: Active participation in the seminar


Robotic Astronomy
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-755 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Klaus G. StrassmeierDienstag, 10.15-11.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

Astronomical observing is dramatically more complex than compared to just ten years ago with script-like pre-scheduled observing programs the normal way of running (grund-based) telescopes. The development is culminating in truly robotic telescopes and entire robotic observatories taking data at unrivaled efficiency and without any human presence, just like from space. What science is being done with such telescopes? Or what does it take to make an automated telescope robotic? The aim of the course is to review the current status of automated and robotic telescope projects and to discuss the science cases of these installations. New results from existing robotic telescopes all around the globe and their ongoing scientific projects will be presented.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy Grundkurs Astrophysik
Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics, PhD candidates
Nachweis:


Astronomical Instrumentation
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-755 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Martin RothDonnerstag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011

includes excursion to telescopes, laboratories, and integration hall at AIP.


Inhalt:

Astronomical observing techniques, observables across the electromagnetic spectrum, stochastics. Influence of the atmosphere. Basic understanding of optical engineering. Telescopes. Optical and near infrared detectors. Instrumentation for optical and near infrared wavelengths: photometry, direct imaging, adaptive optics, spectroscopy, in- tegral field spectroscopy, multi-object spectroscopy, interferometry, polarimetry. Sum- mary of other techniques. Practical observing. Presentation of selected telescopes and focal plane instruments.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction into Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics
Nachweis: 5-page written summary, based on own literature research


Stellar Populations
Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Maria-Rosa CioniMontag, 14.15-15.00 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
S Maria-Rosa CioniMontag, 15.00-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

Stellar populations are groups of stars with a similar kinematics, chemistry, and/or age distribution that represent important tracers of host galaxy properties. With the current telescopes and instruments it is possible to observe stars in galaxies out to distances of about several Mpc. This course will give first an introduction to the tools that are used to most commonly describe different stellar populations (photometry, spectroscopy, spectral energy distributions, colour-magnitude diagrams, light-curves, etc.). The subsequent lectures will focus each on a particular property of galaxies that can be derived using their stellar populations. These are: distance, geometry, motion, star formation and dynamical history. Furthermore, specific aspects such as the process of disentangling stellar populations, the influence of dust, the comparison with information derived from stars in stellar clusters, and how different populations appear at different wavelengths will also be addressed. During the course general properties of the Milky Way will be briefly discussed, while more emphasis will be placed on other galaxies of the Local Group (Andromeda, the Magellanic Clouds and other dwarf galaxies). A view of the stellar populations of some galaxies beyond the Local Group (e.g. Centaurus A) will also be provided.

Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics, PhDs


X-ray Astronomy
Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Axel SchwopeDienstag, 16.15-17.00 UhrRaum 2.XXX
S Axel SchwopeDienstag, 17.00-17.45 UhrRaum 2.XXX


Inhalt:

The upcoming launch (April 2019) of the X-ray observatory Spektrum-X-Gamma with significant Potsdam contributions motivates this lecture. The X-ray telescope onboard will perform the deepest X-ray all-sky survey ever and boost our understanding of all populations of X-ray emitting objects. The astrophysics of X-ray emitters on the other hand are currently studied with large ESA and NASA cornerstone missions. The lecture will address the techniques of X-ray astronomy and the main radiation processes (continuum and line emission). The physics of celestial X-ray emitters will be described and will cover stellar coronal emitters, compact objects, accreting stellar sources, AGNs, clusters of galaxies, and extragalactic transients.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction into Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics, PhDs


Radio Astronomy
Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Gottfried Mann/Christian VocksDienstag, 12.15-13.00 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
S Gottfried Mann/Christian VocksDienstag, 13.00-13.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:
Neben Licht- und Röntgenstrahlung könen wir auch Radiostrahlung von kosmischen Objekten empfangen. Damit nimmt die Radioastronomie einen wichtigen Platz in der Astronomie und Astrophysik ein. Am Anfang wird ein Überblick über die verschiedenen Radiobeobachtungsmethoden gegeben. Weiterhin werden sehr ausführlich die Radioe- missionsmechanismen (z.B. Bremsstrahlung, Gyrosynchrotron-Strahlung) behandelt. Anschließend wird die Ausbreitung von Radiowellen in einem Plasma beschrieben. Zum Schluss werden die theoretischen Erkenntnisse verwendet, um konkrete Beobachtungen zu verstehen.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction into Astronomy
Zielgruppe: Master Science Physics, Master Science of Astrophysics, PhD
Nachweis:


Natural Philosophy
Bachelor Physik Modul PHY_534 - Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-775 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Achim FeldmeierDonnerstag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.27.0.29


Inhalt:

We read and discuss classical texts on natural philosphy and the theory of knowled- ge (epistemology): Kant's theory of synthetic knowledge a priori, vs. the modern idea that all mathematical knowledge is axiomatic and tautologic (Hilbert; Wiener Kreis). Leibniz's fragments on the computability of complex decisions, and its refutation in the Entscheidungsproblem (Turing, Church). Kant's concept of space and time as forms of pure intuition, vs. the empirical theory of space and time (Gauss, Riemann, Einstein; non-Euklidean geometry). Augustine's objection to the measurability of time, and its reflection by Husserl ("Zeitbewusstsein"). Boltzmann's derivation of an entropy increa- se, and the Zermelo-Poincare rejection. Hume's critique of the law of causality. Leibniz's monadology as "a very different theory of atoms". The concept of "substance" in the middle ages and in empiricism and rationalism. Kant's "thing in itself" vs. empirical reality vs. the "first philosophy" of Descartes and Husserl, starting with the subject ("I") and consciousness. All relevant texts are handed out in the course.

Zielgruppe: Master Science Astrophysic, Master Science Physik, Bachelor Science Physics
Nachweis:


Hydrodynamics
Master Astrohysics Modul PHY-735 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Achim FeldmeierDienstag, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.27.0.29
Ue/2.Wo Achim FeldmeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum XXXX


Inhalt:

Content: We cover theoretical aspects of modern uid dynamics, with an emphasis on closed solutions, vortices, instabilities and waves. Some subjects covered are: 1. Con- formal methods in the complex plane for jets, wakes, and cavities, using the method of Christoffel, Schwarz, and Levi-Civita. 2. Kelvin-Helmholtz instability of vortex sheets, up to Moore's (1979) kink theorem. 3. Theory of shallow water waves (tides) and deep water waves (dam breaking, etc.), up to the existence proof for nonlinear water waves by Littman and Nirenberg (1957). 4. Theory of characteristics. 5. Introduction to time-dependent numerical hydrodynamics. 6. Tensor calculus of stress, shear, and strain. 7. Flow on spheres, and the converse Poincare lemma from cohomology. 8. Bores on shores.

Zielgruppe: Master of Science Astrophysics, Master of Science Physics


Applied statistics in astrophysics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-755 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Martin Wendt/Philipp Richter*Freitag, 10.15-11.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

Applied statistics is a key discipline in science. Physics and astrophysics in particu- lar deal with huge amounts of data and data modeling. Applied Statistics combines mathematical-statistical knowledge with elements from computer science and various fields of application.This lecture imparts methodical knowledge while simultaneously keeping the application in mind. The students gain fundamental knowledge of statisti- cal inference, statistical models and statistical modelling. Throughout the course we will discuss topical examples of bad statistics, their misuse as well as nifty problems about probabilities.

Voraussetzung: recommended: Introduction to Astronomy Grundkurs Astrophysik
Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Modern Computational Astrophysics: Concepts
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-755 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Christoph PfrommerDienstag, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.0.087


Inhalt:

The objectives of this course are to endow students with the capacity to identify and classify common numerical problems in modern astrophysics. The course aims at an active understanding of numerical methods and algorithms as well as their ranges of applicability. Solving basic astrophysical problems with adequate numerical techniques and determining the range of validity is an essential part of the course. This course presents theoretical concepts which are then practiced in course PHY-765. A participa- tion of both courses is strongly recommended. Students that are planning on attending these courses and have limited experience in programming are strongly advised to par- ticipate in the 5-day intensive block course Programming Tutorial that takes place during the week October 8-12 before the start of the instructional period. TOPICS Reviewing basic concepts of numerical simulations N-body problems, colli- sionless systems Discretization and solutions of differential equations Finite volume methods for hydrodynamics Lattice methods Fast Fourier transform methods Paralel- lization methods

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics, PhDs


Modern Computational Astrophysics: Applications
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Christoph PfrommerDienstag, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.0.087


Inhalt:

The objectives of this course are to endow students with the capacity to identify and classify common numerical problems in modern astrophysics. The course aims at an active understanding of numerical methods and algorithms as well as their ranges of applicability. Solving basic astrophysical problems with adequate numerical techniques and determining the range of validity is an essential part of the course. This course presents theoretical concepts which are then practiced in course PHY-765. A participa- tion of both courses is strongly recommended. Students that are planning on attending these courses and have limited experience in programming are strongly advised to par- ticipate in the 5-day intensive block course Programming Tutorial that takes place during the week October 8-12 before the start of the instructional period. TOPICS Reviewing basic concepts of numerical simulations N-body problems, colli- sionless systems Discretization and solutions of differential equations Finite volume methods for hydrodynamics Lattice methods Fast Fourier transform methods Paralel- lization methods

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics, PhDs

Stellar Populations
Master Astrophysics Modul 765 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Stephan GeierMittwoch, 14.15-15.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011
Ue 1.Wo. Stephan GeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011
S 2.Wo. Stephan GeierMittwoch, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

Stellar populations are groups of stars with a similar kinematics, chemistry, and/or age distribution that represent important tracers of host galaxy properties. With the current telescopes and instruments it is possible to observe stars in galaxies out to distances of about several Mpc. This course will give first an introduction to the tools that most commonly describe different stellar populations (photometry, spectroscopy, spectral energy distributions, colourmagnitude diagrams, lightcurves, etc.). The subsequent lectures will focus each on a particular property of galaxies that can be derived using stellar populations. These are: distance (absolute and azimuthal), structure (morphology and depth), motion (radial velocity and proper motion), star formation history (star formation rate and age-metallicity relation), gradients (age and metallicity), and reddening maps. Furthermore, specific aspects such as the process of disentangling stel- lar populations of the host galaxy with respect to foreground (Milky Way stars) and background (distant galaxies) sources, the comparison between information derived from stars in stellar clusters and in the field population, and how different populations appear at different wavelengths will also be addressed. During the course general properties of the Milky Way will be briefly discussed, while more emphasis will be placed on other galaxies in the Local Group (Andromeda, the Magellanic Clouds and the other dwarf galaxies). A view of the stellar population of some galaxies beyond the Local Group (e.g. Centaurus A) will also be provided.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Science Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Galactic Dynamics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-735 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

Matthias Steinmetz/Ivan MinchevMatthias Steinmetz/Ivan Minchev
V Montag, 08.15-09.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011
Ü 2. Wo. Freitag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.0.102


Inhalt:

Galactic dynamics is the study of the motions of the stars, gas and dark matter in order to explain the main morphological and kinematical features of galaxies and clusters of galaxies. This course focusses on the physics of collisionless, gravitational N-body sy- stems (stellar systems and dark matter halos). Topics covered include potential theory, orbit theory, collisionless Boltzmann equation, Jeans equations, disk stability, violent relaxation, phase mixing, dynamical friction and kinetic theory. Particular emphasis is given to the development of models for galaxies and galaxy clusters and their compa- rison to data from astrometric, photometric and spectroscopic surveys, including data driven and machine learning techniques.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Physical processes in astrophysics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-735 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Huirong YanMontag, 10.15-11.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.0.104
Ü 1. Wo. Vasundhara Shaw/Huirong Yan*Freitag, 14.15-15.45 UhrRaum 2.28.0.102


Inhalt:

This course is designed to introduce the physical processes in Astrophysics, particularly basic MHD and plasma processes in astrophysical environments. This area has been among the most rapidly developed ones in astrophysics. It has been recognised as one of the fundamental blocks of the knowledge that is necessary for the understandings of various astrophysics phenomena. Topics range from charged particles, high-energy cosmic rays, gas dynamics, interstellar and intergalactic medium magnetohydrodynamic processes, etc. Course learning includes classroom-based lecturing, as well as seminars.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Particle Physics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-735 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Kathrin Egberts/Elisa Püschel Montag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011
Ü 2. Wo. Constantin Steppa/Kathrin Egberts*Donnerstag, 10.15-11.45 Uhr Raum 2.08.2.011


Inhalt:

Huge facilities, like the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, aim at revealing the innermost structures of matter and the fundamental forces acting on these elementary constitu- ents. Over the past decades the standard model of particle physics has evolved from their findings, and its last piece, the Higgs particle, was discovered only recently. This lecture will provide an introduction to particle physics and its standard model and discuss some of the experimental methods used to detect and study elementary par- ticles and their interactions. Finally, an outlook to phenomena and theory beyond the standard model of particle physics will be given.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Extrasolar planets and Astrobiology
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-775 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Werner von Bloh Dienstag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.0.102


Inhalt:

The search for life on other planets is one of the main research questions of Astro- biology. The research field of Astrobiology brings together several disciplines covering Astronomy, Astrophysics, Biology and Geophysics. Since the first detection of an ex- trasolar planet around a main sequence star in 1995 a multitude of planets have been detected including so-called super Earths. Main topics of the lecture will be the detec- tion and characterization of these extrasolar planets focusing on the search for a second Earth. In order to find the necessary conditions for life on other planets we have first to understand how life emerged and evolved on planet Earth. Using conceptual Earth system models we will then be able to determine the habitability of Earth-like planets around other stars and to estimate the occurrence of life in our galaxy.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences Physik, Master Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Celestial Mechanics
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-735 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Frank SpahnFreitag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.1.084

- Coordinates/Frames/Coordinate Transformations - Gravity, gravitational Potential - sketch general relativity, Newtonian Gravity - Two-Body-Problem - Perturbation Theory: Resonances and secular Perturbations/Chaos/Stability - Three-Body-Problem - Applications to modern astronomical Problems: - Planetary Rings - the Cassini Mission - Planet Formation and - evolution, Extrasolar Planets - Non-gravitational Forces, Astrodynamics - Relativistic Celestial Mechanik
Inhalt:

Voraussetzung: recommended: Some programming experience. A notebook-computer is helpful.
Zielgruppe: Master of Science Astrophysics, Master of Sciece Physcis
Nachweis: Examination: Solving a problem of space-data analyses.


Extrasolar planets and Astrobiology
Master Astrophysics Modul PHY-775 - Master Physik Modul 731 und 732

V Yuri ShpritsMontag, 10.15-11.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011
V/Ue Yuri ShpritsDonnerstag, 16.15-17.45 UhrRaum 2.28.2.011


Inhalt:

The course will introduce students to a variety of scienti c a problems related to space physics, magnetospheric physics and space environment. Overview of the history of space exploration. Introduction to basic plasma physical processes occurring on the Sun, in the solar wind, and on terrestrial and planetary magnetospheres and ionosphe- res. Kinematics of charged particles, and wave-particle interactions. Radiation environ- ment of the Earth and outer planets. MHD. Solar-planetary coupling processes, aurora. Space physics exploration missions and mission design. Course project will be focused on the analysis of observations from Van Allen Probes, THEMIS, Polar, NOAA, ACE and other missions, theoretical calculations or numerical modeling.

Zielgruppe: Master Sciences of Physik, Master Science of Astrophysics
Nachweis:


Introductory Project Astrophysics - Master Astrophysics MAPHY-941

P Philipp RichterTime and place by arrangement

Content:
The students select an upper-level seminar and an introductory project in the same topic area. The topic of the introductory project generally corresponds to their specia- lization area for their Masters thesis.

Zielgruppe: Master of Science Astrophysics
Nachweis: Seminar presentation, 45 min


Research Training Astrophysics - Master of Astrophysics MAPHY-942

P Philipp Richter Time and place by arrangement

Content:
The students carry out a supervised independent study and a guided lab in the field of the Masters thesis. The supervision and guidance are provided in regular consultations with the supervisor(s).

Zielgruppe: Master of Science Astrophysics
Nachweis: Lab report, 20 pages, not graded


Introductory Project Astroparticle Physics - Master Physik Modul 941 and Master Astrophysics MAPHY-941

P Huirong Yan/Katrin Egbergs/Martin Pohl/Christian Stegmann/Sergei Vafin/Michael Vorster time and place by arrangement, in conjunction with a seminar presentation in one of the Oberseminars offered by the instructors

Content:
Introduction to the methods of Astroparticle Physics

Voraussetzung: 741b for Master of Physics is recommented
Zielgruppe: Master students
Nachweis: Seminar presentation


Research Training Astroparticle Physics - Master Physik Modul 942 - Master of Astrophysics MAPHY-942

P Huirong Yan/Katrin Egbergs/Martin Pohl/Christian Stegmann/Sergei Vafin/Michael Vorster Time and place by arrangement

Content:
Introduction to a research project in the field of Astroparticle Physics in preparation for a master thesis

Voraussetzung: 741b for Master of Physics students is recommended
Zielgruppe: Master students
Nachweis: Research report and presentation


Oberseminar Extragalaktische Astrophysik

S Philipp RichterDonnerstag, 12.15-13.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011

Inhalt:
Masterstudierende, Doktoranden und Mitarbeiter werden aktuelle eigene und fremde Arbeiten aus der Extragalaktik in übersichtlicher Form darstellen und im Hinblick auf die Forschungsschwerpunkte des Fachgebietes kritisch diskutieren.

Zielgruppe: Master students in physics and astrophysics, PhD students und Mitarbeiter


Research Seminar Late Stages of Stellar Evolution

S Stephan GeierDienstag, 16.15-17.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011

Content:
Members of the stellar physics group, including PhD and Master students as well as guests, present and critically discuss their current science work. The level of presentation shall be comprehensible for advanced students of the field.

Zielgruppe: Master students in physics and astrophysics, PhD students and staffs


Research Seminar Stars and Winds

S Wolf-Rainer HamannMittwoch, 16.15-17.45 Uhr Raum 2.28.2.011

Content:
Members of the stellar physics group, including PhD and Master students as well as guests, present and critically discuss their current science work. The level of presentation shall be comprehensible for advanced students of the field.

Zielgruppe: Master students in physics and astrophysics, PhD students and staffs


Forschungsseminar: Experimentelle Astroteilchenphysik - Master Modul 731 und 732

S Kathrin Egberts/Christian Stegmann*Freitag, 13.00-14.30 Uhr DESY

Inhalt:
Masterstudierende, Diplomanden, Doktoranden und Mitarbeiter werden aktuelle eigene und fremde Arbeiten aus der experimentellen Astroteilchenphysik in übersichtlicher Form darstellen und im Hinblick auf die Forschungsschwerpunkte des Fachgebietes kritisch diskutieren.

Zielgruppe: Master students in physics and astrophysics, PhD students und Mitarbeiter


Oberseminar: Recent results in astroparticle physics (englisch)

S Sergei Vafin/Martin Pohl*Montag, 14.55-15.45 Uhr2.28.2.080
This seminar leads to the current frontier of research in astroparticle physics, repre- sented by presentations on selected recent results. Both experimental and theoretical studies will be covered.

Zielgruppe: Master students in physics and astrophysics, PhD students und Mitarbeiter